Cadence™ Inline Diafiltration Module product photo Primary L

Cadence™ Inline Diafiltration Module

Single-pass tangential flow filtration (TFF) is revolutionizing how TFF is implemented in biotech, vaccine, blood plasma and other applications. Pall is now making it even easier to implement this breakthrough patented technology into your process. As with the original Cadence single-pass TFF module, the new Cadence Inline Concentrator allows direct flow-through in-process volume reduction and can be implemented into a process system or operate as a stand alone unit.

This exciting new technology leads to economic and practical benefits, including:
  • Ability to couple the concentration of product before or after other Downstream Processing (DSP) steps, consequently optimizing other steps and reducing in-process pool tank volumes.
  • Continuous processing in DSP
  • Easy integration of the assembled module, allowing plug and play
  • Potential reduction of product damage or aggregation due to reduced residence time and shear exposure.

The preassembled Inline Concentrator modules do not need a holder. Once the feed port is connected to a pressurized feed source, the module is ready for use. The built-in resistor in the retentate manifold eliminates the need for downstream instrumentation and allows volume reduction of 2 to 4X (or higher), depending on the application. Pall can provide tubing sets to ease the testing and implementation of the Cadence Inline Concentrator.

Using Cadence Inline Concentrator with Delta membrane, the innovative benefits of single-pass TFF technology are enhanced by the proven high flux, high selectivity, and low protein binding attributes of Delta regenerated cellulose membrane.

Optimize Economic and Operational Benefits

Enhance downstream processing to increase capacity and reduce costs – Cadence Inline Concentrator modules can help to eliminate or reduce the size of intermediate storage tanks and associated cleaning of tanks when used for in-process volume reduction before or after existing steps.

Enable in-process volume reduction – Depending on the initial concentration and product characteristics, a volume reduction of 2 to 4X (or higher) can be achieved with minimal instrumentation or system.

Optimize processing of highly shear-sensitive products – Processing results in only one pass through the pump and module, reducing shear exposure. For products sensitive to pumping, the pump can be completely eliminated by using pressurized vessels to flow the process fluid through the module. Further benefits are achieved by eliminating any mixing or foaming issues associated with the feed tank.

No holder required – Cadence Inline Concentrator modules are provided assembled, and the cassettes and manifolds are pre-torqued between two end plates so that no extra holder is required.

Benefits include:
  • Easy connection to a pressure source, like a pump or pressure vessel
  • Simplified in-process volume reduction
  • Continuous processing enabled by process coupling
  • The module feed, retentate and permeate ports are easily connected to the appropriate outlets using clearly marked ports

Product Platform

Innovative single-pass TFF processing takes place within the Cadence SPTFF modules. Cadence SPTFF modules incorporate Pall’s proven T-Series cassettes with Delta membrane, and are available in different formats to accommodate various processing volumes (see Ordering Information).

T-Series Cassettes with Delta Membrane

Delta regenerated cellulose membrane offers high flux and selectivity. The membrane has been specifically developed to minimize protein binding to the surface and interstitial structure of the membrane. Inherently hydrophilic, this membrane shows low protein adsorption properties and is optimal for processes involving very hydrophilic proteins.

Delta regenerated cellulose membrane shows low fouling characteristics, allowing consistent performance.



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Cadence Inline Diafiltration Module

Description

Single-pass tangential flow filtration (TFF) is revolutionizing how TFF is implemented in biotech, vaccine, blood plasma and other applications. Pall is now making it even easier to implement this breakthrough patented technology into your process. As with the original Cadence single-pass TFF module, the new Cadence Inline Concentrator allows direct flow-through in-process volume reduction and can be implemented into a process system or operate as a stand alone unit.

This exciting new technology leads to economic and practical benefits, including:
  • Ability to couple the concentration of product before or after other Downstream Processing (DSP) steps, consequently optimizing other steps and reducing in-process pool tank volumes.
  • Continuous processing in DSP
  • Easy integration of the assembled module, allowing plug and play
  • Potential reduction of product damage or aggregation due to reduced residence time and shear exposure.

The preassembled Inline Concentrator modules do not need a holder. Once the feed port is connected to a pressurized feed source, the module is ready for use. The built-in resistor in the retentate manifold eliminates the need for downstream instrumentation and allows volume reduction of 2 to 4X (or higher), depending on the application. Pall can provide tubing sets to ease the testing and implementation of the Cadence Inline Concentrator.

Using Cadence Inline Concentrator with Delta membrane, the innovative benefits of single-pass TFF technology are enhanced by the proven high flux, high selectivity, and low protein binding attributes of Delta regenerated cellulose membrane.

Optimize Economic and Operational Benefits

Enhance downstream processing to increase capacity and reduce costs – Cadence Inline Concentrator modules can help to eliminate or reduce the size of intermediate storage tanks and associated cleaning of tanks when used for in-process volume reduction before or after existing steps.

Enable in-process volume reduction – Depending on the initial concentration and product characteristics, a volume reduction of 2 to 4X (or higher) can be achieved with minimal instrumentation or system.

Optimize processing of highly shear-sensitive products – Processing results in only one pass through the pump and module, reducing shear exposure. For products sensitive to pumping, the pump can be completely eliminated by using pressurized vessels to flow the process fluid through the module. Further benefits are achieved by eliminating any mixing or foaming issues associated with the feed tank.

No holder required – Cadence Inline Concentrator modules are provided assembled, and the cassettes and manifolds are pre-torqued between two end plates so that no extra holder is required.

Benefits include:
  • Easy connection to a pressure source, like a pump or pressure vessel
  • Simplified in-process volume reduction
  • Continuous processing enabled by process coupling
  • The module feed, retentate and permeate ports are easily connected to the appropriate outlets using clearly marked ports

Product Platform

Innovative single-pass TFF processing takes place within the Cadence SPTFF modules. Cadence SPTFF modules incorporate Pall’s proven T-Series cassettes with Delta membrane, and are available in different formats to accommodate various processing volumes (see Ordering Information).

T-Series Cassettes with Delta Membrane

Delta regenerated cellulose membrane offers high flux and selectivity. The membrane has been specifically developed to minimize protein binding to the surface and interstitial structure of the membrane. Inherently hydrophilic, this membrane shows low protein adsorption properties and is optimal for processes involving very hydrophilic proteins.

Delta regenerated cellulose membrane shows low fouling characteristics, allowing consistent performance.

Applications

Applications and Operational Benefits

The Cadence inline diafiltration module is designed for continuous processing, in-process buffer exchange or contaminant removal in various processes throughout a wide range of applications in the biopharmaceutical industry. These applications include buffer exchange for final drug substance, desalting or buffer exchange before or after column chromatography, and small molecule contaminant removal.

Enable continuous processing - Until now, there has been a gap in the technology offering for enabling diafiltration in a truly continuous, single-pass method. The Cadence ILDF device fills that gap and is facilitated through the use of staging, providing repetitive dilution / concentration cycles without a re-circulation loop and with significantly smaller system hold-up volume.

High removal factors - The Cadence ILDF technology allows for removal factors of ≥ 3-log. Dialing in the number of diavolumes is easily achieved by adjusting the flow rate on the buffer addition pump and performance is stable over extended operation times.

Optimize processing of highly shear-sensitive products - Processing results in only one pass through the pump and module, therefore reducing shear exposure. Further benefits are achieved by eliminating any mixing or foaming issues associated with the feed tank.

No holder required - Cadence ILDF modules come assembled, and the cassettes and manifolds are configured between two end plates with no extra holder needed. A pre-configured tubing manifold is also provided. Simply torque the device to the recommended setting and attach the tubing manifold to a feed pump and diafiltration buffer pump.

Product Platform Similar to other Cadence SPTFF devices, the Cadence inline diafiltration device utilizes standard Pall T-Series cassettes as the building blocks for the module. These modules are offered with either Delta regenerated cellulose or Omega polyethersulfone membranes providing the high flux, high selectivity and low protein binding characteristics that are associated with these membranes. They are available in a range of size formats to accommodate various processing volumes.

A standard PharmaPure♦ tubing manifold is provided with each device, and Sta-Pure♦ tubing manifolds can be ordered separately for extended operation applications (see ordering information).

The Cadence ILDF device requires two standard peristaltic pumps for operation. A 2-headed pump to control the feed and retentate, and a 6-headed pump to control the buffer injection. The feed and retentate lines on the supplied tubing set include PendoTECH pressure transducers and conductivity sensors. A PendoTECH PMAT pressure monitoring device is required to monitor the feed and retentate pressure, and a PendoTECH CMONT device is required to measure conductivity. A torque wrench is also required to torque the module to the recommended level.

Specifications

The operating characteristics for any SPTFF process must be established by performing trials and analyzing the results. Pall’s team of technical specialists is available to assist in conducting trials to develop operating conditions necessary to achieve the desired process objectives.

Materials of Construction

 
Cassettes Delta regenerated cellulose or Omega polyethersulfone 30 kDa membranes with polypropylene screen, white polyurethane encapsulant with white pigment (O2), and medical grade silicone for the permeate seals
Gaskets Medical grade, platinum-cured silicone
Manifold Plates Ultra high molecular weight polyethylene
Connections T01/T02 – female luer connection and cap: Polypropylene T12 – female MPC quick disconnect connector and plug: Polysulfone
Flowpaths Polypropylene, polysulfone, and platinum-cured silicone
Pump Head Tubing
  • PharmaPure (platinum-cured silicone) or Sta-Pure (expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) and platinum- cured silicone)
  • Flowpath connections on tubing sets are open to the feed container/vessel
Operating Limits
  • Maximum Pressure: 4.1 barg (60 psig)
  • Processing Temperature Range: 15 – 25 °C for extended use (freezing may damage the module) Up to 40 °C for 4 hour cleaning
pH Range 2 – 13
 

Typical Feed Flow Rates

 
Module Area (m2) 10 g/L Feed Flow Module Area (m2) Range (mL/min) 55 g/L Feed Flow Module Area (m2) Range (mL/min)
T01 0.11 0.5 – 10 0.5 – 4
T02 0.22 1.0 – 18 1.0 – 10
T12 1.20 5.0 – 90* 5.0 – 55
 
*Scaled calculation due to pump selection

Module Integrity Test

 
Delta 4.1 barg (60 psig)
Omega 2.1 barg (30 psig)
Acceptable
Forward Flow Rate
Delta: < 538 sccm/m2 (< 50 sccm/ft2)
Omega: < 1600 sccm/m2 (<150 sccm="" ft2="" td="">
 
Each Cadence module has a unique serial number for full traceability.

Shelf Life The shelf life of the Cadence ILDF modules, packaged in preservative, is expected to be 5 years from the date of manufacture when the modules are stored unopened in the original packaging at a temperature up to 25 °C and protected from direct light. The shelf life studies to confirm this are ongoing.

Biological Safety Materials of construction for the Cadence ILDF modules have been tested and meet the requirements for the Biological Reactivity Tests listed in the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) <88> for Class VI – 70 °C Plastics.

Performance

Figure 1

Number of diafiltration volumes needed for Cadence inline diafiltration system compared with conventional TFF


Figure 2

Scaled operational performance across different sizes of the Cadence inline diafiltration modules. All modules tested with 40 g/L HIgG and 13 diafiltration volumes. 

Figure 3

Stable performance when operating over extended time. T02 modules tested with varying concentrations of IgG. 

Figure 4

Stable aggregate profile over extended continuous processing performance when operating over extended time. T12 module tested with Pall in-house mAb.


Figure 5

Ability to adjust % removal with instantaneous adjustment of applied diafiltration volumes through pumping adjustment. Removal % adjustment at a constant feed flow rate using 60 g/L IgG. 
Additional Information

Documentation

Each module is supplied with the following comprehensive documentation to ensure the Cadence ILDF module is operated successfully.

  • Certificate of quality
  • Installation guide
  • Material and safety data sheet (MSDS) for the module preservative solution
  • Care and use manual*
  • Validation guide*
  • Validation service for your specific tests such as compatibility testing with your product fluid*
  • Training and technical support to optimize your process using Cadence inline diafiltration modules*
*Contact your local Pall representative to obtain these documents.
Ordering Information

Ordering Information

Identify and order Cadence inline diafiltration modules using the table below.

Guide to Cadence Inline Diafiltration Module Part Numbers

 
DF Inline diafiltration device
DC/OS Delta regenerated cellulose or Omega polyethersulfone membrane
030 Nominal molecular weight cut-off (MWCO)
T02 Cassette format
06 Number of stages in series
12 Number of cassettes per module
 
For example, a T02 module with 30 kDa Delta regenerated cellulose membrane area of 0.22 m2 is part number DFDC030T020612.

Cadence Inline Diafiltration Part Number and Membrane Area (m2)

 
Part Number Membrane Cassette Format Membrane Area (m2) MWCO (kDa)
DFDC030T010612 Delta T01 0.11 30
DFDC030T020612 Delta T02 0.22 30
DFDC030T120612 Delta T12 1.2 30
DFOS030T010612 Omega T01 0.11 30
DFOS030T020612 Omega T02 0.22 30
DFOS030T120612 Omega T12 1.2 30
 

Tubing Set Part Numbers

Note: Every Cadence ILDF module includes a PharmaPure tubing set.
 
Description Part Number
Cadence ILDF T01/T02 PharmaPure 5390-0565M
Cadence ILDF T01/T02 Sta-Pure 5390-0565N
Cadence ILDF T12 PharmaPure 5390-0565P
Cadence ILDF T12 Sta-Pure 5390-0565Q
 

Additional Recommended Equipment for Operation (not provided by Pall)*

 
Description Vendor Part Number Qty
Masterflexu L/S pump Cole-Parmer EW-07522-20 2
Masterflex Easy Load II pump head Cole-Parmer EW-77201-60 2
Masterflex L/S cartridge pump head (6 channel, 6 roller) Cole-Parmer EW-07519-15 1
Masterflex♦ L/S pump head cartridges, large Cole-Parmer EW-07519-75 6
PendoTECH PMAT 4 pressure monitor PendoTECH PMAT4A 1
PendoTECH CMONT conductivity monitor PendoTECH CMONT 1
PendoTECH software licenses, 1 per PC PendoTECH PMATP-GUI 1
Masterflex mounting hardware (for 2 pumps heads) Cole-Parmer SC-77200-02 1
Torque driver McMaster-Carr 5716A21 1
9/16 in. deep socket McMaster-Carr 5544A45 1
 
*This is the equipment that is recommended by Pall and has been demonstrated to perform as required. It is possible that other similarly functioning equipment could be used.